# ELO alignment with Educational Standards

Here are the education standards for the electoral process, civics and civic engagement, critical thinking, data literacy, and statistics for high school students. These standards provide a comprehensive framework for understanding the electoral process, developing critical thinking skills, and enhancing data literacy in an educational context. They align with the goals of fostering informed and engaged citizens capable of analyzing complex information and making reasoned decisions. ELO is aligned with these standards to help ensure that students are well prepared to engage with and understand the complexities of the U.S. electoral system.

## Electoral Process Standards

#### National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS) C3 Framework for Social Studies State Standards

**D2.Civ.2.9-12:**Analyze the role of citizens in the U.S. political system, with a focus on elections, public opinion, and the role of interest groups.**D2.Civ.5.9-12:**Evaluate citizens' rights and responsibilities in democratic processes, including voting and participation in civic activities.**D2.Civ.7.9-12:**Apply civic virtues and democratic principles when working with others.**D2.Civ.8.9-12**Evaluate social and political systems in different contexts, including the impact and function of the Electoral College in the U.S. presidential election system.**D2.Civ.9.9-12:**Explain the processes and consequences of political decision-making, particularly in electoral contexts.

#### Common Core State Standards (CCSS) for Literacy in History/Social Studies

**RH.11-12.7:**Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats to address a question or solve a problem related to the electoral process.

#### College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards

##### Dimension 2: Applying Disciplinary Concepts and Tools

**D2.His.4.9-12:**Analyze complex and interacting factors that influenced the perspectives of people during different historical eras.

##### Dimension 4: Communicating Conclusions and Taking Informed Action

**D4.1.9-12:**Construct arguments using precise and knowledgeable claims, with evidence from multiple sources, while acknowledging counterclaims and evidentiary weaknesses.

## High School Civics and Civic Engagement

#### National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS) C3 Framework for Social Studies State Standards

**D2.Civ.2.9-12:**Analyze the role of citizens in the U.S. political system, with a focus on elections, public opinion, and the role of interest groups.**D2.Civ.4.9-12:**Explain how the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights reflect and promote civic virtues and democratic principles.**D2.Civ.5.9-12:**Evaluate citizens' rights and responsibilities in terms of electoral participation, including the Electoral College system.**D2.Civ.7.9-12**Apply civic virtues and democratic principles when working with others.**D2.Civ.8.9-12:**Evaluate social and political systems in different contexts, including the impact and function of the Electoral College in the U.S. presidential election system.

## Data Literacy Standards

#### Common Core State Standards (CCSS) for Mathematics

**CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSS.ID.A.1:**Represent data with plots on the real number line (dot plots, histograms, and box plots).**CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSS.ID.A.2:**Use statistics appropriate to the shape of the data distribution to compare center (median, mean) and spread (interquartile range, standard deviation) of two or more different data sets.**CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSS.IC.B.6:**Evaluate reports based on data.**CCSS.MATH.PRACTICE.MP4:**Model with mathematics, including the use of data to make inferences and justify conclusions.**CCSS.MATH.PRACTICE.MP5:**Use appropriate tools strategically, including technological tools to analyze and interpret data.

#### Common Core State Standards (CCSS) for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects

**CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.11-12.8**Evaluate the hypotheses, data, analysis, and conclusions in a science or technical text, verifying the data when possible and corroborating or challenging conclusions with other sources of information.

#### Common Core State Standards (CCSS) for Mathematics

**D2.Geo.8.9-12:**Use geographic data to analyze variations in the spatial patterns of cultural and environmental characteristics at multiple scales.**D2.Geo.9.9-12:**Use geospatial and related technologies to create maps to display and interpret data from various sources.**D4.2.9-12:**Use appropriate data sources and data collection strategies to gather and analyze data relevant to a specific question or problem.

## Electoral Process Standards

#### Common Core State Standards (CCSS) for Mathematics

##### Interpreting Categorical and Quantitative Data

**CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSS.ID.A.1:**Represent data with plots on the real number line (dot plots, histograms, and box plots).

##### Making Inferences and Justifying Conclusions

**CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSS.IC.A.2:**Decide if a specified model is consistent with results from a given data-generating process, e.g., using simulation.

##### Conditional Probability and the Rules of Probability

**CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSS.CP.A.2:**Understand that two events A and B are independent if the probability of A and B occurring together is the product of their probabilities, and use this characterization to determine if they are independent.**CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSS.CP.A.5:**Recognize and explain the concepts of conditional probability and independence in everyday language and everyday situations.

#### Advanced Placement (AP) Statistics Standards

The College Board's AP Statistics course includes the following standards:

**Exploring Data:**Describing patterns and departures from patterns.**Sampling and Experimentation:**Planning and conducting a study.**Anticipating Patterns:**Exploring random phenomena using probability and simulation.**Statistical Inference:**Estimating population parameters and testing hypotheses.

#### National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Principles and Standards for School Mathematics

**Data Analysis and Probability:**Formulate questions that can be addressed with data and collect, organize, and display relevant data to answer them.**Data Analysis and Probability:**Select and use appropriate statistical methods to analyze data.**Data Analysis and Probability:**Develop and evaluate inferences and predictions that are based on data.**Data Analysis and Probability:**Understand and apply basic concepts of probability.

These standards provide a comprehensive framework for teaching high school students about statistics, ensuring they gain the necessary skills to analyze and interpret data effectively.